Ok, so in the first blog we talked about the importance of the sun to our climate cycle, now let's examine the importance of the water and land to our equation.
To do this we will start with water, we know that there are ocean currents that travel the oceans transporting water around the globe, so let's examine a warm ocean current, such as the Gulf Stream, which flows roughly from Florida northward to just off the Carolina' coast and then flows back out to the open waters. This current provides warm water to the climate circulation, hence why in thesummer these places stay mild and not hot for the most part, and also in the winter these same places stay mild not extreme cold, due to the influence of this ocean current. Now let's look along the Western US, here we find a cold current the California currnet, this current transfers colder waters from the Gulf of Alaska and the Northern Pacific southward along the Western US, that is why for the most part in the summer these places remain cooler and in the winter they also dont get extreme cold, due to the impacts of the water.
Now let's take a look at the land perspecitve, if you have a place in the middle of the United States or anywhere that is surronded by land, in the summer it can get really hot, while in the winter it can get very cold, this is due to the lack of water influencing the land.
These are two very important variables to note when looking at the climate of a location, how close is the ocean, does the ocean provide the region with warm waters or cooler waters, if the location is away from land it will tend to have warmer summers and colder winters, these are just variables in the climate cycle, just like the sun they change fromtime to time. how can they change you ask, here is how they can change, say we are looking at a location on the Western US, that is along our cold ocean current, however now El-Nino, which we will talk about in more detail later arrives and all the sudden warmer waters are being pushed northward, this can alter the short term climate pattern of a given location, from being cool and drier, to all the sudden wetter and warmer now.
The land works the same way, say all the sudden you have a rainy and cloudy day, then about 200 miles away from you, the sun is shining full and no clouds in the sky, now all the sudden the place with rain is cooler, while the place in the sun is warmer, due to recieving more solar radiation from the sun.
One more note on the sun, for this blog, due you recall the year 2000 and all the heat records were being broken across the globe and everyone began to panic and say the Earth is going into global warming, well here is one thing to think about did you know in 2000, the earth was very near a Solar Max as well, they might not have mentioned that one small thing to you, or in my opinion one large piece of the puzzle. Or did they mention that around 2009 the earth was near a solar min, you know the year the Florida saw snow, they might not have mentioned that cooler phase to you as well.
Well that is it for this post, next post we will disect more into this climate stuff as our goal with this blog is to provide the education to climate something that is not very well presented in modern days.